Recovermax

tickBoosts energy
tickAids recovery
How does it work?
Recovermax contains a variety of compounds used to improve stamina, increase endurance and accelerate recovery. It's very popular with endurance athletes such as cyclists and long-distance runners. Most users report faster recovery between workouts and less soreness, especially after long bouts of exercise lasting one hour or more.

One serving (75 grams) provides:
Energy: 291 calories
Protein: 16 grams
Carbohydrate: 55 grams
Fats: 3.3 grams
Glutamine: 5 grams
L-Carnitine: 1.5 grams
Ribose: 2 grams
Potassium Phosphate: 210 milligrams
Sodium Phosphate: 50 milligrams
(also contains a magnesium/electrolyte blend and whey protein)
How does it work?
Recovermax is designed to fill your muscles with as much glycogen (the name given to carbohydrate in your muscles) as possible, enabling you to train or compete for longer, without becoming fatigued. The formula is based on research by two scientists at a Canadian University. They discovered that a precise blend of both protein and carbohydrate taken after exercise is the best way to replenish glycogen levels [10]. Recovermax will restore depleted glycogen levels a lot faster than conventional high-carbohydrate energy drinks.

Recovermax is also rich in whey protein. The main benefit of whey protein for runners, cyclists and all endurance athletes is a stronger immune system. Whey is a form of protein derived from milk. It has a very high biological value, is rich in essential amino acids, and contains very little fat. Of the two main protein sources found in milk (casein and whey) most studies show that whey protein provides the greatest benefit in terms of and exercise performance. In one trial carried in the Journal of Applied Physiology, Canadian scientists found that after three months of supplementation, whey protein was more effective at improving exercise performance than casein [12]. The whey protein group also lost body fat, and reported feeling far more energetic.

Glutamine
Glutamine is considered a "conditionally essential" amino acid because it can be manufactured in the body. Under extreme physical stress (such as running or cycling 3-4 times each week) the demand for glutamine exceeds the body's ability to make it. Athletes who overstress their muscles without adequate time for recovery between workouts may be at increased risk for infection and often recover slowly from injuries. Regular exercise also leads to a 45% drop in glutamine levels over a 7-day period [1]. Supplementing with Glutamine is very popular with elite endurance athletes as a way to protect against illness and infection.

L-Carnitine-L-Tartrate
L-Carnitine's main function inside the body is to transport long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria (furnace of the cell), where fats can be broken down and converted to energy. As a result, L-Carnitine is necessary for the production of energy from fat. Past studies have revealed the effectiveness of L-Carnitine in relevance to exercise performance, cardiovascular health, and weight management. Carefully controlled studies show that L-Carnitine increases the use of fat for energy. It appears to work in part by protecting against a carnitine deficiency in the cells that make up the inside of your blood vessels. Supplementation with L-Carnitine appears to protect against carnitine depletion and improve the delivery of oxygen to the working muscle during and after exercise [13]. L-Carnitine-L-Tartrate (LCLT), a new Carnitine compound, has demonstrated some fascinating recuperation properties. More specifically, research on LCLT at a dose of 2 grams a day was shown to reduce the amount of muscle disruption after weight training [7]. Circulating markers of muscle damage after exercise were reduced, energy substrate breakdown during and after exercise lowered, and muscle soreness after exercise was reduced in subjects who supplemented with LCLT.

Ribose
Studies show that Ribose can dramatically improve recovery and promote gains in sprinting speed [2]. This makes Ribose useful for runners and cyclists who need that extra "kick" at the end of a race. Ribose has also been shown to increase levels of ATP, your bodies' energy 'currency' [3]. When you train day after day, ATP levels become depleted. This is a little like taking money from your bank account. If the process continues, your performance will get worse rather than better. This is one of the reasons you need to schedule sufficient rest in your programme. Ribose allows you to recover faster by promoting an increase in the rate at which ATP 'rebuilds' itself [4, 8].

Phosphates (Potassium and Sodium)
Phosphate supplements have a number of benefits. Studies show an increased delivery of oxygen to working muscles, increasing stamina and endurance by up to 20%. Phosphates also "mask" sensations of pain and fatigue, allowing you to compete or train harder for longer. Interest in phosphate supplements began when University of Florida researchers discovered that supplementation with sodium phosphate each day for three days lowered lactic acid levels and increased the endurance and aerobic capacity of 10 well-trained distance runners [5]. A similar investigation at Old Dominion University found that consuming four grams of sodium phosphate for three consecutive days strengthened cardiac activity, lifted lactate threshold by 10% and increased V02max by 9%. These improvements in aerobic capcity meant that, on average, the triathletes were able to knock 35 seconds off their best 5-mile performance time [6].
How do I use it?
Take 75 grams (one serving) mixed with 300-ml within 30 minutes of completing your workout. This is the best way to accelerate the recovery process. Recovermax can also be used 1-2 hours before exercise to improve performance. If you don't have the time to eat regular healthy meals, Recovermax can also be used as a convenient meal-replacement drink.
What results can I expect?
Most athletes (such as triathletes, long-distance runners and cyclists) notice a large improvement in sprint speed, stamina and recovery after regular use. You will also feel more alert, refreshed and ready to tackle more intense workouts. Muscle soreness and damage (sometimes called the "heavy leg" feeling) are also reduced, especially after long bouts of exercise lasting one hour or more. Expect to shave a few minutes off your personal best after several weeks of using Recovermax.

1. Newsholme, E.A. (1994). Biomechanical mechanisms to explain immunosuppression in well-trained and overtrained athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 15, S142-147
2. Berardi, J.M., Ziegenfuss, T.N., & Hall, B.T. (2000). Effects of ribose supplementation on repeated sprint performance: a pilot study. Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise, 32, S60
3. Muller, C., Zimmer, H., Gross, M., Gresser, U., Brotsack, I., Wehling, M., & Pliml, W. (1998). Effect of ribose on cardiac adenine nucleotides in a donor model for heart transplantation. European Journal of Medical Research, 3, 554-558
4. Hellsten-Westing, Y., Norman, B., Balsom, P.D., & Sjodin, B. (1993). Decreased Resting Levels of Adenine Nucleotides in Human Skeletal Muscle after High-Intensity Training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 74, 2523-2528
5. Cade R, Conte M, Zauner C, Mars D, Peterson J, Lunne D, Hommen N, Packer D. (1984). Effects of phosphate loading on 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and maximal oxygen uptake. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 16, 263-268
6. Kreider, R.B., Miller, G.W., Williams, M.H., Somma, C.T., & Nasser, T.A. (1990). Effects of phosphate loading on oxygen uptake, ventilatory anaerobic threshold, and run performance. Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise, 22, 250-256
7. Volek, J.S., Kraemer, W.J., Rubin, M.R., Gomez, A.L., Ratamess, N.A., & Gaynor, P. (2002). L-Carnitine L-tartrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress. American Journal of Physiology, 282, E474-E482
8. Tullson, P.C., & Terjung, R.L. (1991). Adenine Nucleotide Synthesis in Exercising and Endurance-Trained Skeletal Muscle. American Journal of Physiology, 261, C342-C347
9. Papamandjaris, A.A., White, M.D., Raeini-Sarjaz, M., & Jones, P.J. (2000). Endogenous fat oxidation during medium chain versus long chain triglyceride feeding in healthy women. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 24, 1158-1166
10. Roy, B.D., & Tarnopolsky, M.A. (1998). Influence of differing macronutrient intakes on muscle glycogen resynthesis after resistance exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 84, 890-896
11. Lambert, E.V., Hawley, J.A., Goedecke, J., Noakes, T.D., & Dennis, S.C. (1997). Nutritional strategies for promoting fat utilisation and delaying the onset of fatigue during prolonged exercise, 15, 315-324
12. Lands, L.C., Grey, V.L., & Smountas, A.A. (1999). Effect of supplementation with a cysteine donor on muscular performance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 87, 1381-1385
13. Kraemer, W.J. & Volek, J.S. (2000). L-Carnitine supplementation for athlete. A new perspective. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 44, 88-89

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