Viper

tickBoosts energy
tickAids recovery
How does it work?
Viper is an energy and recovery drink suitable for anyone wanting to increase their stamina, improve endurance performance, and speed up recovery.

One scoop (50 grams) contains:
Energy 189 calories
Protein (from BCAAs*): 4.2 grams
Carbohydrate: 43.2 grams
- of which sugars: 10 grams
Fats: trace
Fibre: trace

Electrolytes and BCAAs:
Total Leucine*: 599 milligrams
Total Isoleucine*: 503.5 milligrams
Total Valine*: 481 milligrams
Taurine: 125 milligrams
Chloride: 94 milligrams
Potassium: 63 milligrams
Calcium: 62.5 milligrams
Magnesium: 15.7 milligrams
Sodium: 312 milligrams

* Branched Chain Amino Acids
How does it work?
Most forms of exercise causes a loss of body water. Not replacing this water eventually leads to dehydration. When your muscles are dehydrated by just 3%, you lose both strength and speed. Although drinking plain water can help, research shows optimum rehydration to be achieved with a weak carbohydrate drink containing both carbohydrate and electrolytes [5].

During exercise, your carbohydrate (energy) stores decrease as muscle glycogen is used to fuel muscular contractions. Scientists at Loughborough University found that muscle glycogen was spared when soccer, hockey and rugby players used a sports drink during exercise. You should start drinking as soon as exercise begins for maximum effect. For best results, you need 30-60 grams of carbohydrate per hour. If you drink too much carbohydrate, the risk of stomach upset, cramps and further dehydration is further increased.

Your body requires more carbohydrate immediately after exercise, when your muscle glycogen levels are low. Your body is also able to store carbohydrates more rapidly in the hours after exercise [2]. The best way to achieve this is to drink 100 grams of carbohydrate in a litre of water after exercise, followed by a carbohydrate-rich meal two hours later [3]. There are a few other ingredients that help make sports drinks far more effective, including BCAAs and electrolytes.

BCAAs
Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) comprise three important amino acids. During exercise, BCAAs are used by your body as a fuel source, causing increased levels of the amino acid, tryptophan. As tryptophan enters your brain, it is converted to another substance called 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), which can cause fatigue and tiredness. Supplementing with BCAAs delays fatigue, raises energy levels, improves performance and allows you to train harder for longer.

A Brazilian research team has also shown that BCAAs can strengthen the immune system of elite triathletes [7]. Thirty days of supplementation was enough to reduce symptoms of infection by an impressive 34%. The group was given either six grams of BCAAs or a 'dummy' supplement thirty days before taking part in an Olympic triathlon. Endurance events typically require a high volume of training, and often involve multiple daily workouts, which can weaken the immune system. As such, any supplement offering protection against the ravages of training is something most athletes would find invaluable. The main finding of the study was that the reduced incidence of infection was linked to higher levels of glutamine in the triathletes supplementing with the BCAAs.

Electrolytes
Electrolytes are the nutrients and salts you lose through sweating. Adding electrolytes to a weak carbohydrate solution (such as sodium, potassium, and chloride ) aids rehydration and reduces the risk of a training-induced mineral deficiency.
How do I use it?
Pre-workout
Mix 1 scoop (50 grams) in 500 milliliters (approx 1 pint) of water. Sip over 60 minutes and stop drinking all fluids 20 minutes before training.

During training
Mix 0.75 scoop (approx 30 grams) in 500 milliliters (approx 1 pint) of water. Sip during activity.

After training
Mix 1.75 - 2 scoops (75-100 grams) in 500 milliliters (approx 1 pint) of water. Drink within 15 - 20 minutes after training. It's vital to replace lost fluids, carbohydrates and salts after training to promote maximum rehydration, glycogen storage and recovery.
What results can I expect?
Most Viper users feel more alert, refreshed, awake and ready to tackle more intense workouts. If you do a high volume of training, you'll also find that you have more energy and less of the "heavy leg" syndrome towards the end of the week.

1. Bassit, R.A., Sawada, L.A., Bacurau, R.F.P., Navarro, F., & Costa Rosa, L.F.B.P (2000). The effect of BCAA supplementation upon the immune response of triathletes. Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise, 32, 1214-1219
2. Blom, P.C.S., Høstmark, A.T., Vaage, O., Kardel, K.R. & Maehlum, S. (1987). Effect of different post-exercise sugar diets on the rate of muscle glycogen synthesis. Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise, 19, 491-496
3. Burke, L.M., Collier, G.R., & Hargreaves, M. (1993). Muscle glycogen storage after prolonged exercise: effect of the glycaemic index of carbohydrate feedings. Journal of Applied Physiology, 75, 1019-1023
4. Christensen, E.H., & Hansen, O. (1939a). Arbeitsfahigkeit und ernunhrung. Skandinavisches Archiv für Physiologie, 81, 160-171
5. Coggan, A.R., & Coyle, E.E. (1991). Carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise: effects on metabolism and performance. Exercise and Sports Science Reviews, 19, 1-40
6. Costill, D.L., & Miller, J.M. (1980). Nutrition for endurance sport: carbohydrate and fluid balance. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 1, 2-14
7. Bassit, R.A., Sawada, L.A., Bacurau, R.F.P., Navarro, F., & Costa Rosa, L.F.B.P. (2000). The effect of BCAA supplementation upon the immune system of triathletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32, 1214-1219

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