Vitamin B2

(Known as Riboflavin, Vitamin B2)

tickBoosts energy
tickAids health
tickAids definition & fat loss
How does it work?
Vitamin B2 is one of eight water-soluble B vitamins that your body needs on a regular basis. Under some conditions, vitamin B2 can also act as an antioxidant.
Who is it used for?
Vitamin B2 is an essential vitamin that your body needs to convert carbohydrate into energy. Symptoms of a deficiency include loss of appetite, skin rash, diarrhoea, and digestive and emotional disturbance.
How does it work?
All B vitamins help the body convert carbohydrates into sugar, which is "burned" to produce energy. B complex vitamins also play an important role in maintaining muscle tone along the digestive tract and promoting the health of the nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, and liver.

Vital to maintaining a proper metabolism, riboflavin also helps to strengthen the immune system. Like iron, riboflavin helps to carry oxygen around your body. In addition, the body uses extra riboflavin to keep tissue in good repair and speed healing of wounds, burns and other injuries.

The B vitamins also help to lower homocysteine levels in your body. Homocysteine is an amino acid (an amino acid is a "building block" for protein) found in your blood. Homocysteine levels can increase when your body doesn't completely transform the amino acid methionine (which comes from food) into the various derivatives needed for the formation of protein in the tissues of your body. For most people, the rise in homocysteine is caused by a deficiency in the B vitamins [1, 2, 3]. Dairy products, eggs, and meat contain significant amounts of vitamin B2. Leafy green vegetables, whole grains, and enriched grains contain some vitamin B2.
How do I use it?
At supplemental and dietary levels, vitamin B2 is nontoxic. While small doses are generally safe, very large doses (1000 milligrams or more) should not be used without medical supervision.
What results can I expect?
If you're deficient in vitamin B2, using a supplement will help to raise your energy levels and prevent symptoms of a deficiency, such as cracking of the lips and at the corners of the mouth; increased sensitivity to light; and burning, tearing, and itching of the eyes.
What can it be combined with?
The vitamin can be taken as part of a B-complex or high-quality multi-vitamin supplement.

1. Hung, C.J., Huang, P.C., Lu, S.C., Li, Y.H., Huang, H.B., Lin, B.F., Chang, S.J., & Chou, H.F. (2002). Plasma homocysteine levels in Taiwanese vegetarians are higher than those of omnivores. Journal of Nutrition, 132, 152-158
2. Seshadri, S., Beiser, A., Selhub, J., Jacques, P.F., Rosenberg, I.H., D'Agostino, R.B., Wilson, P.W., & Wolf, P.A. (2002). Plasma homocysteine as a risk factor for dementia and Alzheimer's disease. New England Journal of Medicine, 346, 476-483
3. Verhoef, P., Kok, F.J., Kruyssen, D.A., Schouten, E.G., Witteman, J.C., Grobbee, D.E., Ueland, P.M., & Refsum, H. (1997). Plasma total homocysteine, B vitamins, and risk of coronary atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 17, 989-995

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